Common Skin Allergies and Diseases in Children

Allergies in children don’t just cause sneeze and wheeze but can also show up on their skin. The reaction can be in any form. Many different conditions can affect children’s skin like acne, dermatitis, diaper rash and warts. It’s important to understand these problems on your child. Parents should work closely with a dermatologist and diagnose if you’re observing anything different on your child. This can lead to an apt treatment and ensure a good lifestyle that is not affected.

It seems fun watching kids play in the garden but they attract most of their problem there. Dirt in the garden can harm kids in several ways. Therefore, it is important to keep your child’s face clean and moisturized. It prevents skin problems Also, your child skin is much more sensitive than an adult so it is important to take of product you use for your child.

Eczema and atopic dermatitis

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This can be seen very commonly in babies and children. Usually, in the zeal to keep their babies clean parents bathe them too frequently. This removes the natural oil that protects their skin and leads to dryness and eczema. It should be treated by a specialist with thorough follow-up by parents.

 Allergies, Hives and Papular Urticaria

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Sometimes babies suddenly develop rashes on their skin. Babies and children can become allergic to dyes, perfumes, plant oils/extracts in skin care products.  Despite maintaining hygiene, babies can get allergic to certain brands of diapers and wipes. They may get rashes due to these products. And in children up to seven years red itchy skin rashes on the exposed area are common. It may take place due to allergy to insect and mosquito bites or even in contact with particular plants and pollen. This problem is called Papular Urticaria (or insect bite reaction). To protect your child from these problems it is best to put on insect repellent and dress them in clothes that completely cover their limbs before they undertake outdoor activities.

Viral Rashes

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Rashes are very common during childhood. They appear painful and itchy. They mostly develop due to allergies, fungal infection, and viral infection or even in some serious medical conditions. As these rashes is so common that it’s hard to identify its treatment at home. Most of the rashes occur due to viral illnesses. Viral rashes generally have small pink spots and are found on both the sides of chest, stomach and back. Along with fever, your child may also have cold and diarrhoea symptoms. It lasts for 2 or 3 days and mostly occurs during summer.


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The most common viral illness that children at a point catch are chickenpox. A rash of itchy spots becomes fluid-filled blisters. They spread over to form scabs which drop off, after a while. Some kids have only a few spots of chickenpox whereas some experience it on their entire body.  This spot mostly appears on the arms, chest, belly, ears, face, legs, scalp and underarms. You should always consult a doctor as they can suggest steps to relieve the symptoms.


The most common highly infectious illness that affects young children is measles. The measles rashes are red-brown spots and generally start on head and upper neck; and then spread out to the rest of the body. The child may have cold and fever like symptoms. It has been observed that measles generally get over in about 7 to 10 days without causing more problems. During these days make sure the child consume plenty of water just to avoid dehydration.

Molluscum Contagiosum


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Molluscum contagiosum is viral skin infections that develop clusters of small and firm raised spots on the skin. It can usually be seen in the children aged 1 to 5 years, which occurs due to physical contact with another infected child. The condition is generally trouble-free but in some cases, it has been observed that it causes itchiness in the body. It generally gets over within 18 months without treatment but can recover soon if proper treatment is been taken.

 Read more on our researched health topics such as : Tips to make your child active and How to choose a pediatrician

Dr. Niranjana Raj
[email protected]

Dr.Niranjana Raj completed her MD from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, she has undergone a one-year fellowship program in Dermatosurgery and Hair transplantation from the prestigious Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute. Post MD, she further extended her training under senior dermatologists and aesthetic plastic surgeons. She has done over 1500 cases (till date) of hair transplantation and is in charge of the hair transplantation wing of YCDC. She is adept in the newer cosmetological and dermato- surgical procedures like chemical peels, derma roller, mesotherapy, mole excision, lasers, botox, and fillers. She also has a keen interest in clinical diagnosis and management of systemic disorders with skin manifestations. Acne, allergies, skin pigmentation and hair loss management are her areas of interest.MBBS MD Skin, VD & Leprosy, FRGUHSDermatologist, Dermatosurgeon Joint Managing director – YCDC

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